WHAT IS A CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN?

A Certificate of Origin (COO) is used in international trade to identify the country in which goods in an export shipment were produced, manufactured or processed. There are many different types of Certificates of Origin including a generic COO, the NAFTA COO, the U.S.-Australia COO, the U.S.-CAFTA-DR COO, the U.S.-Chile COO, the U.S.-Columbia COO, the U.S.-Israel COO, and the U.S.-Korea COO.

Generic Certificate of Origin

Generic Certificate of Origin Form

Most countries accept a generic certificate of origin form that includes information about the exporter and importer, the description and harmonized tariff code of the goods, and the country of origin. These certificates are usually prepared by the exporter and notarized by the local chamber of commerce.

The importer is heavily dependent upon the assistance and cooperation of its U.S. suppliers in producing accurate and well-documented declarations of origin.

Download Generic Certificate of Origin

NAFTA Certificate of Origin

NAFTA Certificate of Origin Form

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) allows substantial benefits for importers and exporters in Mexico, Canada, and the United States for goods originating in the three nations. These benefits of customs duty reduction and elimination depend upon an exporter's declaration of the origin of the goods, called the NAFTA Certificate of Origin.

This certificate must be completed by the U.S. exporter, and must be in the possession of the Canadian or Mexican importer at the time the declaration is made to either Canadian Customs or Mexican Customs.

The U.S. exporter is responsible for determining the eligibility of the goods for NAFTA treatment and for providing the importer with the certificate. A NAFTA Certificate of Origin may be prepared for a single product of a one-time shipment, or for multiple shipments of identical items for a period of up to one year (Blanket Certificate).

The exporter must determine the appropriate Rule of Origin for the merchandise. These eight rules are detailed in Chapter 4 of Annex 401 of the Free Trade Agreement, and cover items wholly obtained or produced in North America, having contents or components which have been sufficiently changed through production in North America, have sufficient Regional Value Content, or are listed in Annex 300 under certain Tariff Preference Levels (TPL).

Download NAFTA Certificate of Origin (English) Download NAFTA Certificate of Origin (French) Download NAFTA Certificate of Origin (Spanish)

U.S.-CAFTA-DR Certificate of Origin

CAFTA Certificate of Origin Form

The Central America and Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) designates the importer with the responsibility of claiming preferential tariff treatment under the Agreement. The importer should work with the U.S. exporter to ensure that a U.S. good meets the relevant rule of origin under the CAFTA-DR prior to making a claim.

In general, a product's eligibility for preferential tariff treatment may be demonstrated in a variety of ways provided it is in written or electronic form, for instance: a statement on company letterhead, a statement on a commercial invoice, or a certification. While no official form is required in order to demonstrate eligibility for preferential tariff treatment under the CAFTA-DR, there is a required list of elements that need to be included.

Download U.S.-CAFTA-DR Certificate of Origin

U.S.-Chile Certificate of Origin

Chile Free Trade Agreement Form

The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement (FTA) provides lower duties on certain goods originating in and traded between the United States and Chile. The Chilean importer is responsible for claiming preferential treatment for a given shipment at the time the goods are cleared through Customs. (Under the U.S.-Chile FTA, the ultimate responsibility for the validity of the claim lies with the importer, not the exporter, as it is under NAFTA.) In order to claim the preferential duty rate, the importer must provide to Chilean Customs a written declaration, which may or may not be in the form of a certificate of origin.

Despite the fact that the ultimate responsibility for making the declaration lies with the importer, the information needed to support the declaration will have to be provided by the producer. The written declaration that the goods are originating may be produced by the exporter, importer or producer of the goods.

If someone other than the producer (i.e., the exporter or importer) issues the declaration, it must be based upon either:

a. A written declaration of origin issued by the producer, or

b. The issuer's intimate knowledge of the product, its manufacture, and its components.

The importer is heavily dependent upon the assistance and cooperation of its U.S. suppliers in producing accurate and well-documented declarations of origin.

Download U.S.-Chile Certificate of Origin

You could complete these forms five times faster with Shipping Solutions.

U.S.-Colombia Certificate of Origin

Colombia Free Trade Agreement Form

The United States-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA) entered into force on May 15, 2012. On the day of implementation, more than 80% of U.S. industrial goods exports to Colombia became duty-free including agricultural and construction equipment, building products, aircraft and parts, fertilizers, information technology equipment, medical and scientific equipment, and wood.

It is the responsibility of the importer in Colombia to make a claim for the FTA-negotiated preferential tariff rate for qualifying products. However, the exporter or producer may be asked by the importer, customs broker, or the Colombia Customs Service to provide a written or electronic certification or other information to support the importer’s claim. While there is no required form for certifying origin, this is form that is commonly used by many exporters and importers.

The importer is heavily dependent upon the assistance and cooperation of its U.S. suppliers in producing accurate and well-documented declarations of origin.

Download U.S.-Colombia Certificate of Origin

U.S.-Australia Certificate of Origin

U.S.-Australia Certificate of Origin

The U.S.-Australia Free Trade Agreement (FTA) is an agreement between the United States and Australia that allows both nations to establish free trade between the two nations through the reduction and elimination of barriers to trade in goods and services.

In order to qualify, a product must qualify as "originating" under the terms of the Agreement. This means that the product must have sufficient U.S. or Australian content or processing to meet the criteria of the Agreement. If goods contain only U.S. or Australian inputs, they qualify. If they contain some inputs from other countries, they still might qualify if they meet specific criteria set out in the Rules of Origin of the Agreement.

The U.S.-Australia FTA calls for the importer to make a claim of preference. The importer may therefore ask the exporter for this information. The exporter (seller) may give confirmation, in an un-prescribed format, of why the goods qualify as "originating," which the importer may use to validate its claim. It is advisable to work with your importer and provide your importer with a written statement of origin upon request.

Customs officials can require importers to maintain documents relating to purchases and costs for up to five years after importation, should investigation and verification of claims be required. Customs officials can also seek information from exporters in verifying claims.

Download U.S.-Australia Certificate of Origin

U.S.-Israel Certificate of Origin

U.S.-Israel Certificate of Origin

In order for U.S. exporters to qualify for preferential access to the Israeli market, a special certificate of origin must accompany all shipments from the United States to Israel.

To prevent possible customs delays for goods arriving in Israel, American exporters are advised to ensure that they are using the correct certificate of origin form and that it is completed and attached to the other shipping documents before any shipment leaves the U.S. port. The correct certificate of origin for Israel, the "U.S. Certificate of Origin for Exports to Israel," is green in color and has "for exports to Israel" printed at the top of the form.

This Israel FTA Certificate of Origin is a preprinted form available for use at various American- Israel Chambers of Commerce located throughout the U.S.

U.S.-Korea Certificate of Origin

Korea Free Trade Agreement Form

On March 15, 2012, the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement (sometimes referred to as KORUS) was implemented in both countries.

The KORUS provisions are in General Note 33 of the Harmonized Tariff. A good must be shipped directly from one country to the other. Any stops in a location other than the U.S. or Korea for anything other than unloading, reloading, or other processes needed to preserve the condition of the good will disqualify the shipment from KORUS benefits. As with all the other FTAs to which the U.S. is a signatory, KORUS-eligible goods are exempt from the merchandise processing fee. Each shipment must also be accompanied by a certificate of origin.

Download U.S.-Korea Certificate of Origin

Try Shipping Solutions free with no obligation and see why it’s the
#1 selling export document software.

"We use Shipping Solutions by InterMart. Using this software greatly reduced the amount of time it took us to generate Word or Excel based documents. It also provides for consistency of information between the documents —no more  incidental typos!"

Jodi Schneider
American Dairy Brands

"This is such a great tool! I love the Windows look and the ease with which it works. I feel very confident recommending Shipping Solutions to all my customers who export." 

Mary Apking
Alco Spring Industries, Inc.

"Thank you so much for developing an export software program that is actually user friendly! I am so thrilled to have this new tool at my fingertips. I just installed it this morning and cannot believe how easy it is to use."

Joy Keller
OS Walker Co.