On July 1, 2020, The Mexico-United States-Canada Agreement (Tratado entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá or T-MEC) replaced NAFTA as the free trade agreement between the three countries. T-MEC is known as USMCA in the United States and CUSMA in Canada. That’s because standard international protocol dictates that the name of the country in which a person resides should appear first.
Under T-MEC, qualifying products are exempt from tariffs and quotas when exported to the United States and Canada. To claim this preferential duty rate, you must determine if your goods qualify under the T-MEC Rules of Origin.
While the importer is responsible for making the claim for preferential duty rates under T-MEC, the producer or exporter of the goods is the one most likely to know whether or not their goods qualify. Therefore, they are often the party that completes the T-MEC Certificate of Origin.
While the T-MEC does not provide the specific format for a specific Certificate of Origin form, it does outline the specific data requirements that are required in order to claim preference.
Once completed, you should send a paper or electronic copy of the Certificate of Origin to the importer. The importer making the claim and the party completing the certificate is required to keep all documentation of T-MEC claims for at least five years after the completion of the transaction.
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