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Sue Senger

Articles Written By Sue Senger

12 Items to Include on Your Export Invoices

Sue Senger | September 30, 2019 | Export Forms

The commercial export invoice is one of the most important documents in international trade and is reviewed by customs, freight forwarders, international bankers, and transport and insurance companies.

The invoice reflects the complete details evidencing fulfillment of the sales contract and provides necessary information for third parties, listed above, of the transaction.

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Understanding the NAFTA Rules of Origin

Sue Senger | May 23, 2018 | Free Trade Agreements

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was created to ensure that goods traded among Canada, Mexico and the United States receive preferential tariff treatment. The NAFTA grants benefits and reduces tariffs only on goods that qualify under the NAFTA Rules of Origin.

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U.S. and Chile Free Trade Agreement: Frequently Asked Questions

Sue Senger | June 10, 2016 | Free Trade Agreements

Ever since the the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was signed, I have received questions from exporters asking how the agreement works and how to qualify their products for preferential duty treatment under the agreement. I have compiled a list of the top 10 questions I have received and provided a short answer for each.

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U.S. - Chile Free Trade Agreement: Do You Qualify?

Sue Senger | May 27, 2016 | Free Trade Agreements

The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement (FTA) became effective on January 1, 2004. At that time, more than 85 percent of two-way trade in consumer and industrial goods became duty free. In fact, as of January 1, 2015, all qualifying products are now duty free.

To take advantage of the benefits for U.S. goods under this agreement, exporters will need to understand how to determine that their goods are originating or qualify for preferential duty treatment under the U.S.-Chile FTA Rules of Origin.

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CAFTA-DR: Determining the Rules of Origin

Sue Senger | April 29, 2016 | Free Trade Agreements

The Central America-Dominican Republic-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) provides duty-free trade on most goods traded between the United States, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.

My first article in this series provides some background about the agreement. My last article discussed how to declare that a good is originating. This final article in the series addresses the rules of origin.

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CAFTA-DR: How to Declare That a Good Is Originating

Sue Senger | April 15, 2016 | Free Trade Agreements

The Central America-Dominican Republic-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) provides duty-free trade on most goods traded between the United States, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In a previous article I provided some background about the agreement.

In order to get this preferential treatment, the importer is responsible for making the claim. The exact manner for doing so is determined by the individual signatory countries. While there is no specific certificate of origin form that must be used (unlike NAFTA), there is a commonly used version of the CAFTA-DR Certificate of Origin form, which you can download here.

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CAFTA-DR: Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement

Sue Senger | April 1, 2016 | Free Trade Agreements

The Central America-Dominican Republic (CAFTA-DR) Free Trade Agreement (FTA) went into effect for the United States, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua in 2006. The Dominican Republic joined this monumental agreement in 2007, followed by Costa Rica in 2009.

CAFTA-DR is a historic and comprehensive free trade agreement that removed barriers to trade, eliminated tariffs, opened markets and promoted investment. By promoting economic growth, this cutting edge pact expanded U.S. opportunities in important regional markets.

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The Role of the Harmonized System in USMCA

Sue Senger | March 25, 2016 | Free Trade Agreements

The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) provides preferential tariff treatment on goods originating in and traded among the three North American countries. The process for determining whether or not goods "originate" and therefore are eligible for duty-free entry depends on the Harmonized System (HS) number.

With USMCA, or any free trade agreement, using an incorrect classification number creates a domino effect.

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U.S.-Chile FTA Certificate of Origin Form

Sue Senger | May 26, 2015 | Free Trade Agreements

U.S. exporters whose products qualify under the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Rules of Origin may provide their Chilean customers considerable savings.

In order to claim those preferential duty rates, the Chilean importer must provide written declaration that the goods qualify. They have a few different options for providing that written declaration.

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U.S. - Chile Free Trade Agreement Rules of Origin

Sue Senger | April 28, 2015 | Free Trade Agreements

Exporters familiar with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the United States, Canada and Mexico will recognize some aspects of the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement’s (FTA) Rules of Origin.

The Chile and U.S. FTA is largely modeled on the NAFTA. However, there are some important differences that require close attention.

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