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David Noah

David Noah is the founder and president of Shipping Solutions, a software company that develops and sells export documentation and compliance software targeted specifically at small and mid-sized U.S. companies that export. David is a frequent speaker on export regulations and compliance issues and has published several articles on the topic.

David is also the publisher of the International Business Training website www.i-b-t.net, an online educational resource for importers and exporters. IBT has twice been named one of the 100 Essential Sites for Entrepreneurs by Twin Cities Business Monthly Magazine.

Articles Written By David Noah

Incoterms 2020 CIF: Spotlight on Cost, Insurance and Freight

David Noah | January 22, 2020 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international terms of trade published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm CIF, also known as Cost, Insurance and Freight.

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What's the Difference between a Schedule B Code and an HS Number?

David Noah | January 15, 2020 | Automated Export System (AES), Export Basics

“All squares are rectangles, but not all rectangles are squares.”

That idea really confounded me as a child learning geometry. How could one belong to another, yet the inverse not be true? As my teacher explained, the difference lies in specificity.

A similar concept applies in exporting: If you’re new to exporting, the difference between Harmonized System (HS) numbers and Schedule B codes may be vexing. You may be wondering, are they the same? Can they be used interchangeably? What’s the difference?

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Incoterms 2020 CFR: Spotlight On Cost and Freight

David Noah | January 8, 2020 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm CFR, also known as Cost and Freight.

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World Trade Month Is May 2020 and You Are Invited

David Noah | January 6, 2020 | Import Basics, Export Basics

May is World Trade Month in the United States, and to coordinate the plethora of events scheduled for May 2020, the World Trade Month Association has published a new website: WorldTradeMonth.com. This website will serve as a directory of international trade-related events held during May 2020 across the country and on the web.

The theme for this year's World Trade Month website is "Growing exports in uncertain times," a reflection of the challenges facing companies during a period of trade wars, a reexamination of free trade agreements, and questions about future economic growth.

Individuals may register on the website to receive notifications of World Trade Month events they may wish to attend.

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Incoterms 2020 FOB: Spotlight On Free On Board

David Noah | December 18, 2019 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm FOB, also known as Free On Board.

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10 Time-Saving Tips for Creating and Organizing Your Export Documents

David Noah | December 11, 2019 | Export Compliance, Export Forms

When I first talk to exporters frustrated by the amount of time it takes to complete their export documentation, they often tell me they can spend two hours or more on every single shipment. If they have multiple export orders to ship, the time they have left to do any other part of their job is virtually nil.

A typical export shipment can require five or more documents including a commercial invoice, a packing list, a shipper’s letter of instruction, a bill of lading, and a certificate of origin. On top of that, a shipment valued at more than $2,500 per Schedule B code needs to be filed electronically through the Automated Export System (AES). And, of course, every shipment, regardless of value, needs to be screened against U.S. export regulations.

It’s easy to see why it can take so long!

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Incoterms 2020 FAS: Spotlight on Free Alongside Ship

David Noah | December 4, 2019 | Import Basics, Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm FAS, also known as Free Alongside Ship.

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Incoterms 2020 FCA: Spotlight on Free Carrier

David Noah | November 20, 2019 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

There are 11 trade terms available under the Incoterms 2020 rules that range from Ex Works (EXW), which conveys the least amount of responsibility and risk on the seller, to Delivered Duty Paid (DDP), which places the most responsibility and risk on the seller. The Incoterms 2020 Rules: Chart of Responsibilities and Transfer of Risk summarizes the seller and buyer responsibilities under each of the 11 terms.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm FCA, also known as Free Carrier.

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Methods of Payment in International Trade: Consignment

David Noah | November 18, 2019 | Export Finance

In an ideal world, a seller always gets paid before they ship their goods.

In an ideal world, a buyer always receive their order before they pay for their purchase.

Obviously, both the buyer and seller can't live in an ideal world. Their ideal worlds conflict. Most likely, neither party lives in an ideal world, so they need to work together to find the right payment term that will meet both their needs. This is particularly true in international trade.

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The Importance of an Internal Transaction Number for Exporters

David Noah | November 13, 2019 | Export Basics

In the world of the Automated Export System (AES), acronyms abound. You’re probably familiar with FTR, EEI, EIN, and ACE, just to name a few. Less frequently discussed, but no less important, is the Internal Transaction Number (ITN).

We’re addressing two questions today: What is an ITN number for international shipping, and why is it so important to exporters?

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