Join the 36,020 other exporters and importers who get the latest news, tips and insights from international trade professionals.

Subscribe to Email Updates

David Noah

David Noah is the founder and president of Shipping Solutions, a software company that develops and sells export documentation and compliance software targeted specifically at small and mid-sized U.S. companies that export. David is a frequent speaker on export regulations and compliance issues and has published several articles on the topic.

David is also the publisher of the International Business Training website www.i-b-t.net, an online educational resource for importers and exporters. IBT has twice been named one of the 100 Essential Sites for Entrepreneurs by Twin Cities Business Monthly Magazine.

Articles Written By David Noah

Exporters May Be Eligible for Import Tax Refunds

David Noah | October 13, 2021 | Import Basics, Export Basics

If you’re exporting to another country, there’s always a cost. In addition to paying fees for customs duties, you may also be paying Value Added Tax (VAT) if you’re selling goods to a country with a VAT regime. What many U.S. exporters don’t know is that they may be able to get some of this VAT refunded. In this article, we’ll look at where VATs exist and how to recover these costs.

Read More

Export Codes: ECCN vs. HS, HTS and Schedule B

David Noah | October 11, 2021 | Export Compliance, Export Basics

As an exporter, you must be concerned with the proper classification of your goods and products.

I hear from many exporters who are confused about the Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) classification for their product and the Harmonized System (HS), Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) and Schedule B numbers for their products.

First, it’s critical to understand that these classification systems have different purposes.

Read More

Incoterms 2020 CFR: Spotlight on Cost and Freight

David Noah | October 6, 2021 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm CFR, also known as Cost and Freight.

Read More

4 Things the Best Freight Forwarders Have in Common

David Noah | October 4, 2021 | Export Basics

Freight forwarders are a cornerstone in the export shipping process. And with more than 40,000 forwarding and logistics firms employing around 8 to 10 million people in 150 countries around the globe, finding the best freight forwarders may seem like finding a needle in a haystack.

Where do you begin?

Read More

What Is a Bill of Lading: 3 Things You Need to Know

David Noah | September 27, 2021 | Export Forms

Are you a new exporter looking for a primer on bills of lading? Or maybe you’re at the opposite end of the spectrum—a seasoned professional seeking a reference or training tool.

Either way, this article is for you! We’ll explain, in simple terms, three things you need to know about the bill of lading form.

Read More

The Schedule B Search Engine: How Do You Use It?

David Noah | September 22, 2021 | Export Compliance, Export Basics

Biologists classify living things in an ever-more-precise system of groups so that these organisms are easier to study. This classification system starts with domains and kingdoms and narrows down to specific genus and species. This system of classification is recognized and used by biologists around the world.

Likewise, countries classify products by a standardized series of numbers in order to assess duties and taxes on goods that are imported into their countries and to collect importing and exporting statistics. This classification system starts with the six-digit Harmonized System (HS) codes that are used by almost every country when classifying products and then narrows to longer and more specific classification codes that may be unique to each country.

Read More

Incoterms 2020 FOB: Spotlight on Free On Board

David Noah | September 15, 2021 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm FOB, also known as Free On Board.

Read More

11 Documents Required for International Shipping

David Noah | September 8, 2021 | Export Forms

You’ve heard people talk about how to do the sexy part of exporting—the research, the schmoozing, the travel and all the marketing and sales stuff that people think about when they think about the glamour of international trade.

But what I want to talk about is the not-so-sexy part of exporting: the basic export documents required for international shipping. It’s the stuff you need to do—and do correctly—to successfully deliver goods and make money. I’d argue that this not-so-sexy part of exporting is more important than the sexier side but maybe that’s just because it’s what I’ve been focusing on for more than 25 years.

Read More

NVOCC vs. Freight Forwarder: What's the Difference?

David Noah | August 25, 2021 | Export Basics

There are many different parties involved in the logistics process—carrier, freight forwarder, NVOCC, 3PL, EMC, ETC, customs broker, etc.—several of which can be involved in a single transaction! Two of the most similar parties are freight forwarders and Non-Vessel Operating Common Carriers (NVOCC).

While most exporters can happily get by without knowing the difference between an NVOCC and a freight forwarder, there are some important distinctions between the two. In this article, I’ll discuss the specific functions of each and how to identify the right partner for your needs.

Read More

How to Complete an Electronic Certificate of Origin

David Noah | August 23, 2021 | Export Forms

As an exporter, you've probably been asked by your international customer for a certificate of origin to identify where your goods have been manufactured. In most cases, the customs authority in the country of import requires a generic certificate of origin that has been stamped by a chamber of commerce.

For years, the only option for exporters was to provide a paper version of the form that they had to deliver or courier to a chamber of commerce office to be reviewed and, hopefully, stamped. It was an expensive and time-consuming process.

Read More