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Incoterms 2020 FOB: Spotlight on Free On Board

David Noah | September 15, 2021 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm FOB, also known as Free On Board.

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Incoterms 2020 FAS: Spotlight on Free Alongside Ship

David Noah | August 4, 2021 | Import Basics, Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm FAS, also known as Free Alongside Ship.

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Incoterms 2020 FCA: Spotlight on Free Carrier

David Noah | July 21, 2021 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

There are 11 trade terms available under the Incoterms 2020 rules that range from Ex Works (EXW), which conveys the least amount of responsibility and risk on the seller, to Delivered Duty Paid (DDP), which places the most responsibility and risk on the seller. The Incoterms 2020 Rules: Chart of Responsibilities and Transfer of Risk summarizes the seller and buyer responsibilities under each of the 11 terms.

For a summary of Incoterms 2020 and a short definition of each of the 11 terms, read An Introduction to Incoterms.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm FCA, also known as Free Carrier.

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Incoterms 2020 EXW: Spotlight on Ex Works

David Noah | June 16, 2021 | Export Basics, Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to the parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfer from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm EXW, also known as Ex Works.

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An Introduction to Incoterms

David Noah | April 12, 2021 | Export Basics, Incoterms

If you ship goods domestically, you may wonder why you need to understand Incoterms. FOB is FOB, isn't it?

Well, actually, no—it's not!

While the vast majority of companies in the United States use the shipping terms identified under the U.S. Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) when shipping domestically, these shipping terms aren't appropriate to use when exporting.

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FCA Incoterms 2020: A Replacement for the Domestic Trade Term FOB

Catherine J. Petersen | December 28, 2020 | Incoterms

Companies that ship domestically within the United States often use the trade term FOB—Free On Board. But FOB has a completely different meaning under the international trade terms, Incoterms 2020. Exporters who want to use the international equivalent to FOB often use the Incoterm FCA—Free Carrier At.

Like all 11 of the 2020 Incoterms rules, FCA identifies whether it is the seller or the buyer who pays the domestic, international and on-carriage freight charges. So, let’s compare the domestic use of FOB with the international use of FCA.

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Using Incoterms 2020 Rules to Finalize Your Export Sales Contract

Catherine J. Petersen | September 21, 2020 | Incoterms

Before you calculate your final selling price and negotiate a sales contract, you and your buyer must agree upon who is responsible for the expense of transporting and insuring the merchandise from the time it leaves your plant or warehouse to the time it arrives at your customer's premises.

To assist in this process, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) has created a generally accepted, readily understandable nomenclature called Incoterms 2020 that defines the responsibilities of both the buyer and seller in the various transportation options.

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Incoterms Lesson: The Danger of Using Ex Works for Your Exports

Roy Becker | June 8, 2020 | Incoterms

In my experience, many U.S. importers, exporters and bankers don’t understand Incoterms rules.

They often don’t understand the definitions or the risks and responsibilities of even their favorite sales terms that they’ve always used. They also don’t understand how Incoterms relate to payment terms.

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Incoterms 2020 DDP: Spotlight on Delivered Duty Paid

David Noah | April 22, 2020 | Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international terms of trade published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfers from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm DDP, also known as Delivered Duty Paid.

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Incoterms 2020 DPU: Spotlight on Delivered at Place Unloaded

David Noah | March 18, 2020 | Incoterms

Incoterms 2020 rules are the latest revision of international terms of trade published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They are recognized as the authoritative text for determining how costs and risks are allocated to parties conducting international transactions.

Incoterms 2020 rules outline whether the seller or the buyer is responsible for, and must assume the cost of, specific standard tasks that are part of the international transport of goods. In addition, they identify when the risk or liability of the goods transfers from the seller to the buyer.

In this article, we’re discussing the Incoterm DPU, also known as Delivered At Place Unloaded.

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